The Collection

The artefact assemblage from this site was highly significant. It was the first systematically collected assemblage of prehistoric evidence from the Parramatta River generally and for Parramatta CBD. It provided considerable evidence for occupation and technology in this region.

The Burramattagal

At the time of European settlement, Aboriginal people were organised in territorial groups. The group occupying the Parramatta region was named the Burramattagal. This clan was part of a much larger language group called the Dharug, a language spoken across the Cumberland Plain and out to the coast in some locations. The Parramatta area appears to have been the junction for several language groups.


There are many references from European sources of the original contact between the Burramattagal and the new arrivals. There are images that show traditional lives being lived in the context of the new European landscape. The view of an Aboriginal family cooking a meal on a campfire with their possessions around them, used in the original interpretation display, was located close to the George Street site within the area of Queens Wharf Reserve.

For further information on the First Nation’s archaeology assemblage, visit our Archaeology page or download the Interpretation Plan.

The Historic-period Assemblage

A large assemblage of artefacts was recovered from the historic-period excavation of the site. The artefacts were catalogued, and a database was completed. The artefacts that are on display consist of a total of sixty-six items that are largely ceramic or glass, with a small number of other media being several bone toothbrushes, a metal spoon and a piece of slate. Images of each item appear below.


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