Welcome to

180 George

We acknowledge the Dharug people as the Traditional Custodians of the lands on which 180George is located, and recognise their continuing connection to Country and community.

Maryung Ngurra concept artwork by Leanne Mulgo Watson Redpath [2022].

DHARUG LANDS, DHARUG PEOPLE

We pay respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, and their Elders past and present. We recognise that modern-day Parramatta is the traditional land of the Burramattagal people, a Dharug language-speaking clan with a close connection to the river. The Dharug people continue to live across Sydney, especially in the western region and in Parramatta, Australia’s first inland colonial settlement.

For more information, please visit the Parramatta Heritage Centre.

BACKGROUND

The significance of the history and heritage of the site, which covers the millennia of years with First Nations people living and thriving in the area, through the period of colonisation, to modern day Parramatta is remarkable. Parramatta, Australia’s third settlement after Sydney and Norfolk Island, has an abundance of archaeology and built heritage that has exceptional potential with regard to researching the earliest stages of settlement in Australia. To add to the body of knowledge already available, and with particular interest for this site, this website has been collated. The information provided has been collated from a range of sources including:

 

Please note that the information contained on this website is for information only and poses not commercial interest. All copyright remains with those proponents listed above where relevant, and no part of this website should be copied or reproduced without prior consent.

CULTURAL & HERITAGE VALUES

Prior to its development this site was identified on the Parramatta Historical Archaeology Landscape Management Study (2000) as one of potential archaeological significance. This study evaluated the site to be one of exceptional significance for historic period archaeology.

PARRAMATTA RIVER WETLANDS

The following information for the Wetlands is sourced from the NSW State Heritage Inventory database, reference number 2240429:

Statement of Significance: The wetlands along Parramatta River are of significance for Parramatta area as remnant representative areas of mangroves and salt marshes which once extensively lined the foreshores and tidal water flats of the region.

Description: This item consists of remnant wetland vegetation, characterised by mangrove and saltmarsh complex, located along the foreshores of Parramatta and Duck rivers and their tributaries, Vineyard and Subiaco creeks.

HARRISFORD, 182 GEORGE STREET

The following information for Harrisford is sourced from the NSW State Heritage Inventory database, reference number 5051407:

Statement of Significance: Harrisford, which is located between George Street and the river, is one of the oldest houses remaining in the township of Parramatta. It is an important element at the head of the river, representing the early years of settlement. Site possesses potential to contribute to an understanding early of urban development in Parramatta.

Description: Two storey Old Colonial Georgian house of brick with stone quoins now painted. Joinery and fittings, while in 1830s style, are reproductions.

Fabric: Flemish bond brick walls, with sandstone quoins, foundations, and stringline at first floor level and corrugated iron roof which was originally shingles. Roof Construction: Hip. Verandah Decoration: Window Sill: Sandstone. Window Arch: Soldier brick flat arch painted brick red. Fence: Timber picket Fence: set in timber posts with shaped tops and timber picket gate. Garden: Well kept. Additions: Early kitchen or schoolroom building at rear of cottage.

Archit Style: Colonial Georgian two-storey cottage. Front Door: Georgian red soldier brick elliptical arch above segmented fanlight decorated with leadlight and stained glazing. Late Victorian moulded four panelled door with glazed panels above lock rail. Sidelights flank door with glazed upper panels above timber.

CHARLES STREET WEIR

The following information for the Charles Street Weir is sourced from the NSW State Heritage Inventory database, reference number 5063021:

Statement of Significance: Charles Street Weir has historical, aesthetic, social and scientific significance. The heritage significance of the Charles Street Weir is enhanced by its place within a recreational reserve. For the local community, it holds an important sense of place.

Description: Charles Street Weir forms the first downstream tidal barrier in Parramatta. It was built across the river at Charles Street and Queens Avenue, immediately west of the Parramatta Wharf. This wharf is the last turning point for ferries approaching from Sydney. A narrow foreshore reserve extends westwards from the weir along both sides of the river. This open space with its pathways, lawns, gardens and scattered trees is used for recreational purposes. The Charles Street Weir is a concrete structure measuring 22.1 metres in length by 1.5 metres in width. Its height over the weir to the west is 2 metres. Today, the water contained in the dam lies 0.85 metres below the surface of the weir. On the east side, the water lies 1.45 metres below the weir surface, a level difference of 0.6 metres. Given that the eastern side of the weir is used as a turning circle for ferries, the weir wall is likely to extend several metres below the water level to the riverbed. The weir itself is a straight structure located between curved symmetrical concrete embankment walls. Generally the concrete is relatively smooth and shows the imprints of timber formwork used at the time of construction. Trolley tracks, now mostly covered with concrete, extending across the top of the Charles Street Weir are regarded as integral part of the heritage listed item and should be protected.

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